The New China by Henri Cartier-Bresson, 1959

In 1958, LIFE asked Henri Cartier-Bresson to return to China, a country he last covered in at the outbreak of the Communist takeover in 1949. Cartier-Bresson was largely sympathetic to the Communist cause and was mostly embedded on a guided tour. While his photographs do not present a critique of Communism, he nonetheless witnessed the beginnings of the disastrous Great Leap Forward.

The War in Biafra

Eventually Federal Nigeria found an effective way to quell the rebellious Igbos, by inducing famine conditions inside Biafra. The Nigerian Army began sea and land blockade of Biafra, cutting off food supplies.

The War in Biafra

Little remembered now, but once the name Biafra as much synonymous with horrors, famine, and war as the names Sarajevo, Srebrenica, Rwanda or Darfur. In 1967, the Igbo people in Biafra, the oil-rich south east part of Nigeria, declared their independence, initiating a three-year conflict.

Hungarian Uprising by Paris-Match, 1956

The iconic 1956 Paris Match photo of a young, armed couple during the Hungarian Uprising was attributed to late photographer Jean-Pierre Pedrazzini for extra publicity. Russ Melcher, the photo’s real author, revealed himself decades later.