Henri Cartier-Bresson spent ten months in China in 1949. LIFE published 26 photos of his in a special report (A Last Look at Peiping).
In 1972, this picture of a nine-year-old girl, Kim Phuc, fleeing her village after a napalm attack brought the Vietnam War home to many. AP’s decision to publish the photo was controversial. Until then, there had never been images of naked children released by AP.